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Avian Foraging: Theory, Methodology, and Applications

Michael L. Morrison, C. John Ralph, Jared Verner, and Joseph R. Jehl, Jr.
Studies in Avian Biology
Online Text


List of Authors, vii-x
Introduction, 1-2
Michael L. Morrison, C. John Ralph, Jared Verner

Section I: Role of Birds in Natural Ecosystems and the Quantification of Resources

Overview Quantifying Food Resources in Avian Studies: Present Problems and Future Needs, 3-5
Kimberly G. Smith, John T. Rotenberry
Ecological and Evolutionary Impacts of Bird Predation on Forest Insects An Overview, 6-13
Richard T. Holmes
Predation by Birds and Ants on Two Forest Insect Pests in the Pacific Northwest, 14-19
T. R. Torgersen, R. R. Mason, R. W. Campbell
Measuring the Availability of Food Resources, 20-28
Richard L. Hutto
Arthropod Sampling Methods in Ornithology, 29-37
Robert J. Cooper, Robert C. Whitmore
Food Availability for an Insectivore and How to Measure It, 38-43
Henk Wolda
Quantifying Bird Predation of Arthropods in Forests, 44-52
Donald L. Dahlsten, William A. Copper, David L. Rowney, Paula K. Kleintjes
Factors Influencing Brown Creeper (Certhia Americana) Abundance Patterns in Southern Washington Cascade Range, 53-57
Jina M. Mariani, David A. Manuwal
Food Resources of Understory Birds in Central Panama: Quantifications and Effects on Avian Populations, 58-64
James R. Karr, Jeffery D. Brawn
Spatial Variation of Invertebrate Abundance within the Canopies of Two Australian Eucalypt Forests, 65-72
J. D. Majer, H. F. Recher, W. S. Perriman, N. Achuthan
Quantifying Abundance of Fruits for Birds in Tropical Habitats, 73-79
J. G. Blake, B. A. Loiselle, T. C. Moermond, D. J. Levey, J. S. Denslow
Approaches to Avian Diet Analysis, 80-90
Kenneth V. Rosenberg, Robert J. Cooper
Diets of Understory Fruit-Eating Birds in Costa Rica: Seasonality and Resource Abundance, 91-103
Bette A. Loiselle, John G. Blake
Dietary Similarity Among Insectivorous Birds: Influence of Taxonomic Versus Ecological Categorization of Prey, 104-109
Robert J. Cooper, Peter J. Martinat, Robert C. Whitmore
Foraging and Nectar Use in Nectarivorous Bird Communities, 110-121
Brian G. Collins, James Grey, Shapelle McNee

Section II: Foraging Behavior: Design and Analysis

Biological Considerations for Study Design, 123-125
Martin G. Raphael, Brian A. Maurer
Analytical Considerations for Study Design, 126-133
Barry R. Noon, William M. Block
Food Exploitation by Birds: Some Current Problems and Future Goals, 134-143
Douglass H. Morse
A Classification Scheme for Foraging Behavior of Birds in Terrestrial Habitats, 144-160
J. V. Remsen, Scott K. Robinson
Proportional Use of Substrates by Foraging Birds: Model Considerations on First Sightings and Subsequent Observations, 161-165
Graydon W. Bell, Sallie J. Heil, Jared Verner
Sequential Versus Initial Observations in Studies of Avian Foraging, 166-173
Sallie J. Heil, Jared Verner, Graydon W. Bell
Analysis of the Foraging Ecology of Eucalypt Forest Birds, 174-180
Harry F. Recher, Val Gebski
Use of Radiotracking to Study Foraging in Small Terrestrial Birds, 181-186
Pamela L. Williams
Influence of Sample Size on Interpretations of Foraging Patterns by Chestnut-Backed Chickadees, 187-192
L. A. Brennan, M. L. Morrison
Precision, Confidence, and Sample Size in the Quantification Of Avian Foraging Behavior, 193-198
Lisa J. Petit, Daniel R. Petit, Kimberly G. Smith
Interobserver Differences in Recording Foraging Behavior of Fuscous Honeyeaters, 199-201
H. A. Ford, L. Bridges, S. Noske
Within-Season and Yearly Variations in Avian Foraging Locations, 202-209
Sallie J. Heil, Jared Verner
The Importance and Consequences of Temporal Variation in Avian Foraging Behavior, 210-217
Donald B. Miles
Seasonal Differences in Foraging Habitat of Cavity-Nesting Birds in the Southern Washington Cascades, 218-225
Richard W. Lundquist, David A. Manuwal
Yearly Variation in Resource-Use Behavior by Ponderosa Pine Forest Birds, 226-236
Robert C. Szaro,Jeffery D. Brawn, Russell P. Balda
Variation in the Foraging Behaviors of Two Flycatchers, 237-244
Howard F. Sakai, Barry R. Noon
Seasonal Changes in Foraging Behavior of Three Passerines in Australian Eucalyptus Woodland, 245-253
Hugh A. Ford, Leonie Huddy, Harry Bell
Geographic Variation in Foraging Ecology of North American Insectivorous Birds, 254-263
Daniel R. Petit, Kenneth E. Petit, Lisa J. Petit
Geographic Variation in Foraging Ecologies of Breeding and Nonbreeding Birds in Oak Woodlands, 264-269
William M. Block
Sex, Age, Intraspecific Dominance Status, and the Use of Food by Birds Wintering in Temperate-Deciduous and Cold-Coniferous Woodlands: A Review, 270-279
Thomas C. Grubb, Mark S. Woodrey
Effects of Unknown Sex in Analyses of Foraging Behavior, 280-283
Joann M. Hanowski, Gerald J. Niemi
Difference in the Foraging Behavior of Individual Gray-Breasted Jay Flock Members, 284-287
Laurie M. McKean
Use of Markov Chains in Analyses of Foraging Behavior, 288-294
Martin G. Raphael
A Comparison of Three Multivariate Statistical Techniques for the Analysis of Avian Foraging Data, 295-308
Donald B. Miles
An Exploratory Use of Correspondence Analysis to Study Relationships between Avian Foraging Behavior and Habitat, 309-317
Edgar Barry Moser, Wylie C. Barrow, Jr., Robert Hamilton
Analyzing Foraging Use Versus Availability Using Regression Techniques, 318-324
Kevin M. Dodge, Robert C. Whitmore, E. James Harner
Analyzing Foraging and Habitat Use Through Selection Functions, 325-331
L. L. McDonald, B. F. J. Manly, C. M. Raley

Section III: Specialists Versus Generalists

Specialist or Generalist Avian Response to Spatial and Temporal Changes in Resources, 333-336
Harry F. Recher
When Are Birds Dietarily Specialized? Distinguishing Ecological from Evolutionary Approaches, 337-352
Thomas W. Sherry
Behavioral Plasticity of Foraging Maneuvers of Migratory Warblers: Multiple Selection Periods for Niches, 353-359
Thomas E. Martin, James R. Karr
Dead-Leaf Foraging Specialization in Tropical Forest Birds: Measuring Resources Availability and Use, 360-368
Kenneth V. Rosenberg
Bird Predation on Periodical Cicadas in Ozark Forests: Ecological Release for Other Canopy Arthropods?, 369-374
Frederick M. Stephen, Gerald W. Wallis, Kimberly G. Smith
Influence of Periodical Cicadas on Foraging Behavior of Insectivorous Birds in an Ozark Forest, 375-380
Christopher J. Kellner, Kimberly G. Smith, Noma C. Wilkinson, Douglas A. James
The Influence of Food Shortage on Interspecific Niche Overlap and Foraging Behavior of Three Species of Australian Warblers (Acanthizidae), 381-388
Harry L. Bell, Hugh A. Ford

Section IV: Energetics and Foraging Theory

Studies of Foraging Behavior: Central to Understanding to Ecological Consequences of Variation in Food Abundance, 389-390
Richard L. Hutto
Digestion in Birds Chemical and Physiological Determinants and Ecological Implications, 391-415
William H. Karasov
Birds and Mammals on an Insect Diet: A Primer on Diet Composition Analysis, 416-422
Gary P. Bell
Energetics of Activity and Free Living in Birds, 423-426
David L. Goldstein
A Functional Approach to Foraging: Morphology, Behavior, and the Capacity to Exploit, 427-430
Timothy C. Moermond
Ecological Plasticity, Neophobia, and Resource Use in Birds, 431-437
Russell Greenberg
Food Availabilty, Migratory Behavior, and Population Dynamics of Terrestrial Birds during the Nonreproductive Season, 438-443
Scott B. Terrill
Foraging Theory: Up, Down, and Sideways, 444-454
David W. Stephens
Extensions of Optimal Foraging Theory for Insectivorous Birds: Implications for Community Structure, 455-461
Brian A. Maurer
Meeting the Assumptions of Foraging Models: An Example Using Tests of Avian Patch Choice, 462-470
John B. Dunning, Jr.

Literature Cited

Literature Cited, 471-515
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